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How to make a wound heal faster.

- Published 6th June 2018

The prompt healing of a wound is not only beneficial to a patient’s physical recovery, but it also helps them to maintain a positive mental health. There are three factors to take into consideration when aiming to speed up the healing process:

  1. Circulation
  2. Inflammation
  3. Contamination

Adopting a holistic method of approaching these elements of wound care management offers the patient the highest possibility of expediting wound healing.

 

Circulation

When a wound occurs, blood vessels constrict to reduce blood flow to the damaged area. Further blood loss is prevented by the formation of blood clots within those blood vessels. Once a wound has closed, the surrounding blood vessels can re-open and deliver oxygen and the nutrients necessary for the wound to heal. The better a patient’s circulation, the quicker those nutrients arrive in the cells.

Movement and exercise are the best ways to improve circulation in people who are able to do so. For patients who are confined to bed, or who have limited mobility, elevation of the affected area will also enhance the blood flow to it. Applying heat to the area close to the wound site will also help, as this dilates the blood vessels, allowing the blood to course along a wider path.

Conversely, anything which restricts the circulation of the blood should be avoided. Smoking leads to the narrowing, and in some cases blocking, of the blood vessels. In the worst scenarios, smoking can also cause arteriosclerosis, a condition in which fatty deposits build up in the vessels. Consequently, smokers who have chronic wounds are strongly advised to stop smoking.

 

Inflammation

When a wound occurs, the white blood cells in the body act to protect the affected area from infection, and the site becomes inflamed. Chemicals are released from the white blood cells into the wound, causing redness and warmth. Inflammation is the body’s natural way of guarding against potentially harmful bacteria and viruses, but if it persists for long periods of time, it can cause tissue damage. The action of immune system cells can also be hampered by anti-inflammatory medication, so this should be avoided during wound care treatment. The inflammatory reaction is reduced in a moist environment.

A breakthrough in advanced wound management, LQD® Spray, a spray-on primary dressing balances moisture levels, providing enough wetness to promote wound healing without allowing levels to damage the surrounding skin, which would increase the risk of infection developing.

Inflammation can also be controlled through diet, and patients should be encouraged to increase their consumption of foods with anti-inflammatory properties, such as berries, peppers, tomatoes and oily fish. In contrast, avoiding those foods known to cause inflammation, including saturated fats, sugar, dairy, artificial additives and refined flour will assist in reducing inflammation and hastening recovery.

 

Contamination

Managing contamination, infection and protecting the wound from re-injury are vital in managing the wound healing process. In addition to cleaning the wound, the injured site should also be fully debrided, i.e. all dead and damaged skin should be removed. Failure to properly debride the affected area can result in a slough wound, in which the wound bed becomes covered by cream or yellow-coloured dead tissue.

Maintaining the optimum environment to prevent the wound becoming contaminated, and allowing it to heal speedily, involves enabling oxygen and moisture access to the wound. This can be achieved by applying LQD® Spray to the wound. Facilitating both if these factors, LQD® Spray forms a semi-permeable membrane over the injured area, perfectly adhering to the wound bed within two minutes of application.